Oklahoma dustbowl refugees

Dust Bowl Refugees in Madera

In the 1930s, Madera County became home to large groups of refugees from the Dust Bowl of Oklahoma and Arkansas. As a result, most schools had to develop special “migrant education” facilities for the children of the down-and-out transients. Shown here is the migrant education “bus” for La Vina School. These children were on their way to school. They had little contact with the children of Madera County’s permanent residents. (Madera Images; Bill Coate)

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